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. . . also available to children, and the question that was raised by my daughter was, well, does labeling not simply underscore the problem and call attention to it so that the kids are more likely to be paying attention to the words and, therefore, be influenced by the words more than otherwise?

Dr. KING. I do not feel that would happen. The young people who have serious drug problems are into the words. They specifically listen through the music for the lyrics because the lyrics give them the kinds of messages that they are looking for, rebellion, hate, violence, sex, the types of testimony that we have heard earlier. Those young people that do not listen for the lyrics pretty much are into just the beat of the music, and they know that some of the lyrics may be offensive, but they are not into it, so they do not listen for it. They just stay with the beat of the music.

The CHAIRMAN. You are saying the negative effect would not apply universally to everyone who heard the music, but it would apply to those people particularly on drugs who were susceptible to it.

Dr. KING. Yes, sir.

Mr. STUESSY. Nevertheless, even though an individual is not consciously absorbing the words, subconsciously they are being heard and registered.

The CHAIRMAN. Senator Gore.

Senator GORE. Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman.

I would like to first say it is nice to have a fellow Tennessean on the panel here. Dr. King practices in Memphis, and I am delighted to hear your testimony, and yours, Dr. Stuessy.

In view of the lateness of the hour and the fact that we still have a panel to go, please forgive me if I just have a brief interchange with you.

lf I could summarize the two presentations I would say both of you agree, based upon your experience, that there is a connection between messages received through this kind of material and behavior on the part of those who listen to it a lot or become really wrapped up in it.

Is that a fair summary?

Dr. KING. Yes, that is a fair summary. That is what the patients tell me.

Mr. STUESSY. That is exactly right. We could fill the room with research studies to prove that.

Senator GORE. So there is not much disagreement about that fact?

Mr. STUESSY. Not really.

Senator GORE. Well, I may submit some additional questions in writing. It would not be onerous for you to resend in writing, if you would be willing to do so. We may just do it that way and save some time.

Thank you very much for your testimony.

Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

The CHAIRMAN. Thank you both very much.

Finally, we have a panel consisting of Mr. Eddie Fritts, president, National Association of Broadcasters; Mr. William Steding, executive vice president, Central Broadcasting Division, Bonneville . . .

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