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                       STATEMENT OF DR. JOE STUESSY


                 A Few Brief Remarks About My Background
                     (Or. "Who is this guy?")

I like rock and roll.  I am a former professional rock musician (at
the local level); about half of my rather extensive record collection
is rock music.  I hold a Ph.D. in music from the Eastman School of Music
and am currently a Professor of Music at the University of Texas at San
Antonio.  I was among the first in the nation to teach a university
course in the history of rock music (that was in 1973; in 1985 there
are many such courses).  I have taught this course at two universities
(Southern Methodist University and the University of Texas at San An-
tonio).  I have had over 3,000 students in that course over the inter-
vening twelve years.

I [sic] full résumé is appended to this testimony if further information is


           Some Things We Know About Music and Human Behavior
           (Or, "I listen to that stuff, but it doesn't affect me!")

A. Music affects behavior.  This simple fact has been known intuitively
   for centuries.  For example, Plato's mentor, Damon, said that music
   can "not only arouse or allay different emotions, but also inculcate
   all the virtues--courage, self-restraint, and even justice."1  Many
   centuries later, Martin Luther said, "Music is one of the greatest
   gifts that God has given us; it is divine and therefore Satan is its
   enemy.  For with its aid, many dire temptations are overcome; the
   devil does not stay where music is."2  We can probably assume that
   Martin Luther was not familiar with Heavy Metal!

   In the twentieth century, especially in the last four decades, tons of
   research has been done on the interrelationship of music and human
   behavior.  Although each study addresses slightly different aspects of
   this general premise, the aggregate conclusion is clear:  music affects
   human behavior.  It affects our moods, our attitudes, our emotions, and
   our behavior.  It affects us psychologically and physiologically.

   Anthropologist A. P. Merriam in his book The Anthropology of Music
   says, "The importance of music, as judged by the sheer ubiquity of its
   presence, is enormous....  there is probably no other human cultural
   activity which is so all-pervasive and which reaches into, shapes, and
   often controls so much of human behavior."3  In his study of George
   Orwell's 1984, Dr. Paul Haack summarized the numerous references to
   music as follows:  "The most striking feature of these references is
   the constant, blatant propagandizing and mind controlling function
   that the music serves."4

  Music can make us feel relaxed, scared, patriotic, ambitious, mad, sad,
  happy, romantic, reverent, etc.  The fact that music affects behavior
  is the foundation of the entire science of music therapy, a field in
  which music is applied as a therpeutic [sic] tool to modify aberrant behavior.

  Think for a moment of just a few of the ways that the presence of music
  affects our average daily lives:

  1. Music in business offices, if properly structured, can have a positive
     (or negative) affect on worker efficiency.  Companies such as Muzak,
     Inc. have done many studies which document this fact.

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